The Kromfohrlander has the distinction of being the only breed descended from a United States military mascot, Original Peter, who was found by US troops in France and tagged along with them into Germany, where he was eventually bred, leading to a new dog breed.
A great companion to soldiers, this dog is also a great companion for all types of families.
Pronounced “krome-for-lahn-dair,” in North America, this breed is more commonly called “Kromi.” Although these are purebred dogs, they can still be found in shelters. Please opt to adopt if possible. Remember, when you adopt, you save two lives — the one you adopt and the one you make room for at the shelter!
Despite their terrier ancestry, Kromi have very little hunting instinct or aggression; though, they do make good watchdogs. They make great family dogs, too. Kromi especially bond closely with one human they identify as as “their person.” They tend to get along well with children and other dogs, especially with proper socialization, training, and supervision. Though not aggressive, they are wary of strangers and may take a bit to warm up to new people. These dogs adapt well to all sorts of environments and family structures; however, they do not like to be left alone for long periods of time.
Some dogs are simply easier than others; they take to training better and are fairly easygoing. They’re also resilient enough to bounce back from your mistakes or inconsistencies.
Dogs who are highly sensitive, independent thinking, or assertive may be harder for a first-time dog parent to manage. You’ll get your best match if you take your dog-owning experience into account as you choose your new pooch.
If you’re new to dog parenting, take a look at 101 Dog Tricks and read up on how to train your dog!
Some dogs will let a stern reprimand roll off their backs, while others take even a dirty look to heart. Low-sensitivity dogs, also called “easygoing,” “tolerant,” “resilient,” and even “thick-skinned,” can better handle a noisy, chaotic household, a louder or more assertive owner, and an inconsistent or variable routine. Do you have young kids, throw lots of dinner parties, play in a garage band, or lead a hectic life? Go with a low-sensitivity dog.
Some breeds bond very closely with their family and are more prone to worry or even panic when left alone by their owner. An anxious dog can be very destructive–barking, whining, chewing, and otherwise causing mayhem. These breeds do best when a family member is home during the day or if you can take the dog to work.
Breeds with very short coats and little or no undercoat or body fat, such as Greyhounds, are vulnerable to the cold. Dogs with a low cold tolerance need to live inside in cool climates and should have a jacket or sweater for chilly walks.
Dogs with thick, double coats are more vulnerable to overheating. So are breeds with short noses, like Bulldogs or Pugs, since they can’t pant as well to cool themselves off. If you want a heat-sensitive breed, your dog will need to stay indoors with you on warm or humid days, and you’ll need to be extra cautious about exercising your dog in the heat.
All Around Friendliness
Some breeds are independent and aloof, even if they’ve been raised by the same person since puppyhood; others bond closely to one person and are indifferent to everyone else; and some shower the whole family with affection. Breed isn’t the only factor that goes into affection levels; dogs who were raised inside a home with people around feel more comfortable with humans and bond more easily.
See Dogs Less Affectionate with Family
Being gentle with children, sturdy enough to handle the heavy-handed pets and hugs they can dish out, and having a blasé attitude toward running, screaming children are all traits that make a kid-friendly dog. You may be surprised by who’s on that list: Fierce-looking Boxers are considered good with children, as are American Staffordshire Terriers (which are considered Pit Bulls). Small, delicate, and potentially snappy dogs such as Chihuahuas aren’t always so family-friendly.
**All dogs are individuals. Our ratings are generalizations, and they’re not a guarantee of how any breed or individual dog will behave. Dogs from any breed can be good with children based on their past experiences, training on how to get along with kids, and personality. No matter what the breed or breed type, all dogs have strong jaws, sharp pointy teeth, and may bite in stressful circumstances. Young children and dogs of any breed should always be supervised by an adult and never left alone together, period.
Friendliness toward dogs and friendliness toward humans are two completely different things. Some dogs may attack or try to dominate other dogs, even if they’re love-bugs with people; others would rather play than fight; and some will turn tail and run. Breed isn’t the only factor. Dogs who lived with their littermates and mother until at least six to eight weeks of age and who spent lots of time playing with other dogs during puppyhood, are more likely to have good canine social skills.
Stranger-friendly dogs will greet guests with wagging tails and nuzzles; others are shy, indifferent, or even aggressive. However, no matter what the breed, a dog who was socialized and exposed to lots of different types, ages, sizes, and shapes of people as a puppy will respond better to strangers as an adult. Remember that even friendly dogs should stay on a good, strong leash like this one in public!
Health And Grooming Needs
If you’re going to share your home with a dog, you’ll need to deal with some level of dog hair on your clothes and in your house. However, shedding does vary greatly among the breeds. Some dogs shed year-round, some “blow” seasonally, some do both, and some shed hardly at all. If you’re a neatnik, you’ll need to either pick a low-shedding breed or relax your standards. To help keep your home a little cleaner, you can find a great de-shedding tool
Drool-prone dogs may drape ropes of slobber on your arm and leave big, wet spots on your clothes when they come over to say hello. If you’ve got a laid-back attitude toward slobber, fine; but if you’re a neatnik, you may want to choose a dog who rates low in the drool department.
Some breeds are brush-and-go dogs; others require regular bathing, clipping, and other grooming just to stay clean and healthy. Consider whether you have the time and patience for a dog who needs a lot of grooming, or the money to pay someone else to do it.
Due to poor breeding practices, some breeds are prone to certain genetic health problems, such as hip dysplasia. This doesn’t mean that every dog of that breed will develop those diseases; it just means that they’re at an increased risk.
If you’re adopting a puppy, it’s a good idea to find out which genetic illnesses are common to the breed you’re interested in. You may also want to ask if your shelter or rescue has information about the physical health of your potential pup’s parents and other relatives.
Some breeds have hearty appetites and tend to put on weight easily. As in humans, being overweight can cause health problems in dogs. If you pick a breed that’s prone to packing on pounds, you’ll need to limit treats, make sure they get enough exercise, and measure out their daily food servings into regular meals rather than leaving food out all the time.
Ask your vet about your dog’s diet and what they recommend for feeding your pooch to keep them at a healthy weight. Weight gain can lead to other health issues or worsen problems like arthritis.
Dogs come in all sizes, from the world’s smallest pooch, the Chihuahua, to the towering Great Dane, how much space a dog takes up is a key factor in deciding if they’re compatible with you and your living space. Large dog breeds might seem overpowering and intimidating, but some of them are incredibly sweet! Take a look and find the right sized dog for you!
Easy-to-train dogs are more adept at forming an association between a prompt (such as the word “sit”), an action (sitting), and a consequence (getting a treat) very quickly. Other dogs need more time, patience, and repetition during training.
Many breeds are intelligent but approach training with a “What’s in it for me?” attitude, in which case you’ll need to use rewards and games to teach them to want to comply with your requests.
Dogs who were bred for jobs that require decision making, intelligence, and concentration, such as herding livestock, need to exercise their brains, just as dogs who were bred to run all day need to exercise their bodies. If they don’t get the mental stimulation they need, they’ll make their own work–usually with projects you won’t like, such as digging and chewing. Obedience training and interactive dog toys are good ways to give a dog a brain workout, as are dog sports and careers, such as agility and search and rescue.
Common in most breeds during puppyhood and in Retriever breeds at all ages, mouthiness means a tendency to nip, chew, and play-bite (a soft, fairly painless bite that doesn’t puncture the skin). Mouthy dogs are more likely to use their mouths to hold or “herd” their human family members, and they need training to learn that it’s fine to gnaw on chew toys, but not on people. Mouthy breeds tend to really enjoy a game of fetch, as well as a good chew on a toy that’s been stuffed with kibble and treats.
Dogs who were bred to hunt, such as Terriers, have an inborn desire to chase–and sometimes kill–other animals. Anything whizzing by, such as cats, squirrels, and perhaps even cars, can trigger that instinct. Dogs who like to chase need to be leashed or kept in a fenced area when outdoors, and you’ll need a high, secure fence in your yard. These breeds generally aren’t a good fit for homes with smaller pets that can look like prey, such as cats, hamsters, or small dogs. Breeds that were originally used for bird hunting, on the other hand, generally won’t chase, but you’ll probably have a hard time getting their attention when there are birds flying by.
Some breeds sound off more often than others. When choosing a breed, think about how often the dog vocalizes with barks or howls. If you’re considering a hound, would you find their trademark howls musical or maddening? If you’re considering a watchdog, will a city full of suspicious “strangers” put your pup on permanent alert? Will the local wildlife literally drive your dog wild? Do you live in housing with noise restrictions? Do you have neighbors nearby? Then you may wish to choose a quieter dog.
Some breeds are more free-spirited than others. Nordic dogs such as Siberian Huskies were bred to range long distances, and given the chance, they’ll take off after anything that catches their interest. And many hounds simply must follow their noses–or that bunny that just ran across the path–even if it means leaving you behind.
High-energy dogs are always ready and waiting for action. Originally bred to perform a canine job of some sort, such as retrieving game for hunters or herding livestock, they have the stamina to put in a full workday. They need a significant amount of exercise and mental stimulation, and they’re more likely to spend time jumping, playing, and investigating any new sights and smells.
Low-energy dogs are the canine equivalent of a couch potato, content to doze the day away. When picking a breed, consider your own activity level and lifestyle, and think about whether you’ll find a frisky, energetic dog invigorating or annoying.
A vigorous dog may or may not have high energy, but everything they do, they do with vigor: they strain on the leash (until you train them not to), try to plow through obstacles, and even eats and drinks with great big gulps. These dynamos need lots of training to learn good manners, and may not be the best fit for a home with young kids or someone who’s elderly or frail. A low-vigor dog, on the other hand, has a more subdued approach to life.
Some breeds do fine with a slow evening stroll around the block. Others need daily, vigorous exercise, especially those that were originally bred for physically demanding jobs, like herding or hunting.
Without enough exercise, these breeds may put on weight and vent their pent-up energy in ways you don’t like, such as barking, chewing, and digging. Breeds that need a lot of exercise are good for outdoorsy, active people, or those interested in training their dog to compete in a high-energy dog sport, such as agility.
Some dogs are perpetual puppies — always begging for a game — while others are more serious and sedate. Although a playful pup sounds endearing, consider how many games of fetch or tag you want to play each day, and whether you have kids or other dogs who can stand in as playmates for the dog.
Dog Breed Group:Companion DogsHeight:15 to18 inchesWeight:22 to 31 poundsLife Span:10 to 18 years
More About This Breed
- Kromfohrlander colors include white, light brown, dark brown, and tan markings in large patches. They have a symmetrical “mask” on their faces, with a white blaze centered between their eyes.
- Kromfohrlanders have two coat types, and the breed is sub-named according to these types: “Glatthaar” for smooth-haired and “Rauhaar” for wire-haired. They have medium grooming needs.
- Kromfohrlanders are very friendly dogs, but they are also wary around those they don’t know, especially children. However, they are very playful, so with proper socialization, training, and supervision, they are great companions for children.
- Kromfohrlanders also tend to do well around other dogs. They can even get along with other animals, including cats.
- The Kromfohrlander is a companion dog through-and-through. They love to be around family and hate to be left alone for long periods of time. Though wary to strangers, and good watchdogs, Kromfohrlanders are not aggressive.
- The medium energy level of Kromfohrlanders is pretty easy to manage. It’s a good idea to take them on a couple of walks during the day, and they love having some additional play time, either indoors or outdoors.
The first Kromfohrlander dog was named “Original Peter” by American troops during World War II in France. The dog accompanied them there and into battle in Germany.
He was lost for a period of time in Germany, but he was found by a woman named Ilse Schleifenbaum, who bred him with a Wire-haired Fox Terrier and a Grand Griffon Vendeen over ten years to establish the official Kromfohrlander companion dog we know and love today.
The Kromfohrlander is still extremely rare. In 1997, the breed was imported to the United States; although, they are still primarily found in Germany and neighboring countries.
Though the Kromfohrlander does have terrier ancestry, they were bred to be companion dogs, and their hunting instincts are low.
The Kromfohrlander is on the smaller side of “medium” size, measuring 15 to 18 inches tall and weighing 22 to 31 pounds.
However, some dogs can be smaller or larger than average for their breed.
The Kromfohrlander is a companion dog through-and-through. They love to be around family and hate to be left alone for long periods of time. Though wary to strangers, and good watchdogs, Kromfohrlanders are not aggressive. They also get along well with other dogs and can get along with other animals; despite their terrier ancestry, they have a low hunting drive.
Kromfohrlanders are intelligent, playful, and social. They are friendly, good-natured dogs, known for their smiles.
They are also known for their adaptability — proven on WWII battlefields! These medium-sized, medium-energy dogs can do well in any environment, from house to apartment, from single person to large family. They usually attach themselves particularly closely to one person in the household.
Kromfohrlanders can be sensitive, so it’s important to be careful not to use harsh discipline with them — and never physical discipline, for any dog. They have a stubborn streak, but they do well with firm-but-gentle training.
Because Kromfohrlanders are a very rare breed, they have a small gene pool. Despite that, they have long life expectancies, all the way up to 18 years. Breeders can use DNA tests to avoid breeding animals that have autoimmune disorders, which have been noted in this breed.
Some of the more common health conditions to watch out for in your Kromfohrlander include:
- patellar luxation
- Canine Footpad Hyperkeratosis
- Von Willebrand’s Disease
- cystinuria (high concentration of amino acids in urine)
As with all dogs, it’s a good idea to cut your Kromfohrlander’s nails or have your groomer cut them about once a month, as well as to check their ears for redness or irritation about once a week. Brushing their teeth a few times a week is also a good idea to promote good dental health. You can ask your vet to show you how to do any of these tasks.
The medium energy level of Kromfohrlanders is pretty easy to manage. It’s a good idea to take them on a couple of walks during the day, and they love having some additional play time, either indoors or outdoors.
They benefit emotionally from that one-on-one bonding with you, too, which will keep them happy and healthy. Kromfohrlanders need lots of mental and physical stimulation from their families.
An ideal Kromfohrlander diet should be formulated for a medium breed with medium energy levels.
As with all dogs, the Kromfohrlander’s dietary needs will change from puppyhood to adulthood and will continue to change into their senior years. You should ask your veterinarian for recommendations about your Kromfohrlander’s diet, as there is far too much variation among individual dogs, including weight, energy, and health, to make a specific recommendation.
Coat Color And Grooming
Kromfohrlander colors include white, light brown, dark brown, and tan markings in large patches. They have a symmetrical “mask” on their faces, with a white blaze centered between their eyes.
Kromfohrlanders have two coat types, and the breed is sub-named according to these types: “Glatthaar” for smooth-haired and “Rauhaar” for wire-haired. They have triangular ears that move around a lot. They shed a medium amount and are a medium level of difficulty for grooming. Regular brushing can help to catch hair that sheds. Bathing can be done as needed; they are not typically “stinky” dogs.
Kromfohrlanders are moderately suited to both hot and cold weather; they don’t have any particular features that protect them from certain elements more than others, but they’re not particularly susceptible, either.
Children And Other Pets
Kromfohrlanders are very friendly dogs, but they are also wary around those they don’t know, especially children. However, they are very playful, so with proper socialization, training, and supervision, they are great companions for children. It’s very important to teach children how to interact gently with dogs of any breed, as dogs can be hurt by kids who don’t know better. The non-aggressive, loving, playful traits of these dogs make them great playmates for children.
Kromfohrlanders also do tend to do well around other dogs. They can even get along with other animals, including cats. They have a low hunting instinct, so they should technically be okay with small animals, despite their terrier ancestry. However, all interactions with other animals and children should be supervised; that goes for all breeds.
Early training and socialization will bring out the best in your Kromfohrlander.
Rescues specifically for Kromfohrlander dogs might be hard to come by, as this is a rare breed. However, you can always check with your local shelter, and you may want to try a rescue that caters to all kinds of dogs. You can take a look at the following:
- Wright-Way Rescue
- Angels Among Us Pet Rescue